1)What is GATE and Why we need to appear for this Exam?

Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is an examination which is treated as a entrance exam to get the admission in Indian Institutes of Technology(IITS),National Institutes of Technology (NITs),Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIITs) for doing Master of Engineering (ME), Masters in Technology (MTech) . Using GATE score you can also get direct PhD admissions in IITs,NITs and other universities across the India. A good Rank in GATE exam will give a chance to get a Job in some PSUs like ONGC,IOCL,HPCL,AAI,NPCIL,DRDO etc.

2)Which Institute Organises the GATE 2022?

The Organising institute for GATE 2022 is Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur

3)Who are the commitee members of GATE 2022 for Preparing Question Papers?

This Commitee conisists of Faculity Members of IIT Kharghapur and six other Indian Institutes of Technology at Mumbai, Delhi, Guwahati, Kanpur, Chennai, Roorkee & Indian Institute of Science at Bengaluru . This year these Personalities will Prepare Paper on behalf of the National Coordination Board – GATE, The Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Education (MoE), Government of India.

4)What are the important Dates related to GATE Exam 2022?

Opening Date of Online Application: 9th September 2021

Closing Date of Online Application: 24th September 2021(Regular Period)

Closing Date of Online Application: 1st October 2021(Extened Period with Late Fee)

Display of Defective Applications for Rectification : 26th October 2021

Last Date for the Rectifications of Applications : 1st November 2021

Last Date for change of Paper,Category & Exam city :12th November 2021(With additional Fee)

Admit Card will be available for Download : 3rd january 2022

Announcement of Results in the Online Application Portal : 17th March 2022

5)When they will Conduct GATE 2022 Exam and what will be the mode of conduct of exam?

The exam would be purely Computer Based Test (CBT) and it would be conducted in different cities across india on 5th,6th,12th and 13th of February, 2022 in two sessions(9AM-12PM and 2.30PM-5.30PM)

6)How many years the GATE Score Card is Valid?

It is valid for Three Years from the date of Annouments of Results

7)What are the details of Application Fee for Appearing GATE 2022?

The Application fee is not same for all Aspirants. For female Canditates, SC/ST/PWD Category candidates the fee will be 750rps Per Paper. For all other candidates the fee will be 1500rps per Paper.

Note: During the extended Period All candidates have to pay 500rps extra fine while paying application fee.

8)Who are Elegible for Appearing GATE 2022 Exam?

i. A candidate who is currently studying in the 3rd year or higher years of any undergraduate degree program.

ii. A candidate who has already completed any government approved degree program in Engineering / Technology / Architecture / Science / Commerce / Arts is eligible for appearing in the GATE 2022 exam.

Note: The candidates who possess certification from any of the professional societies must ensure that those examinations must be conducted by the societies which are approved by MoE/AICTE/UGC/UPSC as equivalent to B.E. / B.Tech. / B.Arch. / B.Planning, etc.

iii. Candidates who already have obtained (or) are pursuing their qualifying degree from countries other than India: Must be currently in the 3rd or higher years or completed their Bachelor’s degree (duration: at least 3 years) in Engineering / Technology / Science / Arts / Commerce.

9. What will be Pattern of GATE 2022 Examination?

Examination ModeComputer Based Test (CBT)
Duration3 Hours
SectionsGeneral Aptitude (GA) +
ECE Core Subjects
Type of Questions(a) Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ)
(b) Multiple Select Questions (MSQ) and/or
Numerical Answer Type (NAT) Questions
Number of Questions10 (General Aptitude) + 55 (Core subjects) = 65 Questions
Distribution of MarksGeneral Aptitude: 15 Marks
Engineering Mathematics: 13 Marks
Subject Questions: 72 Marks
Total: 100 Marks
Marking SchemeQuestions carry 1 mark and 2 marks
Negative Marking For 1-mark MCQs, 1/3 mark
will be deducted for a wrong answer. Likewise,
for 2-mark MCQs, 2/3 mark will be deducted for a
wrong answer.
Note: There will be no negative mark for Numerical Answer Type Questions(NATs)

10.What will be the syllabus of GATE 2022 Examination for ECE Department?

Subject Topics
Section 1: Engineering Mathematics a.Linear Algebra: Vector space, basis, linear dependence and independence, matrix algebra, eigenvalues and eigenvectors, rank, solution of linear equations- existence and uniqueness

b. Calculus: Mean value theorems, theorems of Integral Calculus, evaluation of Definite and Improper Integrals, Partial derivatives, Maxima and Minima, Multiple integrals, Line, Surface and Volume Integrals, Taylor series

c.Differential Equations: First order equations (linear and nonlinear), higher order linear differential equations, Cauchy’s and Euler’s equations, Methods of solution using variation of Parameters,Complementary function and Particular Integral, Partial Differential Equations, Variable Separable Method, Initial and Boundary value problems.

d.Vector Analysis: Vectors in Plane and Space, Vector Operations, Gradient, Divergence and Curl,
Gauss’s, Green’s and Stokes’ theorems.

e.Complex Analysis: Analytic functions, Cauchy’s integral theorem, Cauchy’s integral formula,
Sequences, Series, Convergence tests, Taylor and Laurent series, Residue theorem.

f.Probability and Statistics: Mean, Median, Mode, Standard Deviation, Combinatorial Probability,
Probability Distributions, Binomial distribution, Poisson Distribution, Exponential Distribution, Normal
Distribution, Joint and Conditional Probability.
Section 2: Networks, Signals and Systemsa.Circuit analysis: Node and mesh analysis, Superposition, Thevenin’s theorem, Norton’s theorem,
Reciprocity. Sinusoidal steady state analysis: phasors, complex power, maximum power transfer.
Time and frequency domain analysis of linear circuits: RL, RC and RLC circuits, Solution of network
equations using Laplace transform. Linear 2-port network parameters, wye-delta transformation.

b.Continuous-time signals: Fourier Series and Fourier Transform, Sampling Theorem and applications.

c.Discrete-time signals: DTFT, DFT, z-transform, discrete-time processing of continuous-time signals.

d.LTI systems: Definition and Properties, Causality, Stability, Impulse response, Convolution, Poles and Zeros, Frequency Response, Group Delay, Phase Delay.
Section 3: Electronic Devicesa.Energy bands in intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors, equilibrium carrier concentration, direct and indirect band-gap semiconductors.

b.Carrier transport: diffusion current, drift current, mobility and resistivity, generation and
recombination of carriers, Poisson and continuity equations.

c.Various types of Diodes : P-N junction, Zener diode, BJT, MOS capacitor, MOSFET, LED, Photo Diode and Solar cell.
Section 4: Analog Circuitsa.Diode circuits: Clipping, Clamping and Rectifiers.

b.BJT and MOSFET amplifiers: Biasing, AC coupling, Small Signal Analysis, Frequency Response.
Current mirrors and Differential Amplifiers.

c.Op-amp circuits: Amplifiers, Summers, Differentiators, Integrators, Active filters, Schmitt triggers and Oscillators.
Section 5: Digital Circuitsa.Number representations: binary, integer and floating-point- numbers.

b.Combinatorial circuits: Boolean algebra, minimization of functions using Boolean identities and Karnaugh map, logic gates and their static CMOS implementations, Arithmetic Circuits, Code Converters, Multiplexers, Decoders.

c.Sequential circuits: Latches and Flip-flops, Counters, Shift-registers, Finite State Machines, Propagation Delay, Setup and Hold time, Critical Path Delay.

d.Data converters: Sample and Hold circuits, ADCs and DACs.

e. Semiconductor memories: ROM, SRAM, DRAM.

f. Computer organization: Machine instructions and addressing modes, ALU, data-path and control
unit, instruction pipelining.
Section 6: Control Systemsa.Basic control system components; Feedback principle; Transfer function; Block diagram

b. Signal flow graph, Routh-Hurwitz Criteria

c.Transient and steady-state analysis of LTI systems;

d.Frequency response Analysis; Nyquist stability Criteria; Bode and root-locus plots; Lag, lead, lag-lead and lead-lag compensation;

e. State Variable Analysis: State variable model and solution of state equation of LTI systems.
Section 7: Communications a.Random processes: autocorrelation and power spectral density, properties of white noise, filtering of random signals through LTI systems.

b.Analog communications: amplitude modulation and demodulation, angle modulation and
demodulation, spectra of AM and FM, superheterodyne receivers.

c.Information theory: entropy, mutual information and channel capacity theorem.

d.Digital communications: PCM, DPCM, digital modulation schemes (ASK, PSK, FSK, QAM),
bandwidth, inter-symbol interference, MAP, ML detection, matched filter receiver, SNR and BER.

e.Fundamentals of error correction, Hamming codes, CRC.
Section 8: Electromagneticsa.Maxwell’s equations: differential and integral forms and their interpretation, boundary conditions, wave equation, Poynting vector.

b.Plane waves and properties: reflection and refraction, polarization, phase and group velocity,
propagation through various media, skin depth.

c.Transmission lines: equations, characteristic impedance, impedance matching, impedance
transformation, S-parameters, Smith chart.

d.Wave Guides: Rectangular and circular waveguides, light propagation in optical fibers, dipole and monopole antennas, linear antenna arrays.

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